Thursday, January 15, 2009

Our Core Forms - The DNA of Yip Kin Wing Chun

Core Forms

Empty Hand
1. Small Flower Fist (小花拳)
This is the first form of the Yip Kin Wing Choon system and it introduces the practitioner to the basic hand, body and footwork movements and positions. It also contains the road map on how to practice the other forms to achieve the best results. It can be broken into 7 sections, each focusing on a specific footwork, body positions, structure and energy. The techniques are put into "points" so the practitioner can focus him/herself on the essentials of the Yip Kin Wing Choon system.

2. Big Flower Fist (大花拳)
This second form simplifies the movements of the first form and adds new combination/techniques to the practitioner. It is also a power form where you build your strength and stamina to cope with the stresses and needs of a fight situation. It also teaches you to fight from impossible/odd positions such on the ground and in twisted positions.

3. Wooden Dummy (木人樁)
Practical applications, positioning in relation to an enemy, power application and footwork in relation to a person is taught here. You will also learn how your structure corresponds to an opponent in a particular situation. It requires both soft and hard energy to be able to get your self around the dummy.

The dummy only has 2 arms that is pointed to the practitioner's centre (throat and belly button) and a leg.

4. Sticky Hand Form
The sticky hand form provides a bridge between the empty hand forms and free fighting. Techniques are applied to a partner in a sequence which resembles two person fighting with the hands in almost constant contact. Students learn to attack and defend according to Wing Choon principles in a safe environment with a partner. However, unlike the empty hand forms, the movements are not executed by the practitioner but based on input by his/her partner.

At advanced levels, the attacker has the choice to follow the form or change the sequence by changing the energy he/she applies into the attack. His/Her partner must interpret the energy he/she receives and acts accordingly using the proper principle and/or techniques that will best correspond with the attack using minimal movement and energy.

Later, this will flow into a free flow fighting technique by both practitioners.


Weapons


1. Plum Blossom Staff ()
The basic weapon and what practitioners of Yip Kin Wing Choon believe to be the TRUE Wing Choon weapon. The pole is held with both palms pointing away from the practitioner. ALL the the Wing Choon principles can be applied using this weapon and all the movements are almost exactly like empty hand techniques learnt in the first and second forms. Using this pole, practitioners also learns to apply Lien Siu Tai Ta (linking offense into defense) and footwork for their empty hand techniques.

2. Six and a Half Point Pole ()
This is a unique pole form which has six and a half techniques combined and repeated over six and half directions together with its variations according to usage and needs.

3. Yin Yang Ba Gua Pole (陰陽八卦棍)
This form is almost similar in terms of techniques and content to the Six and a Half Point pole but applies the techniques to Eight (8) directions using a slightly different footwork.

4. Partnered Plum Blossom Staff (對拆)
This is a partner form learnt after the practitioner has finished learning the Six and a Half Point pole. It's objective is to teach the applications of the Plum Blossom Staff together with introducing the practitioner to stick fighting and fighting using a medium range weapon.

5. Partnered Six and a Half Point Pole (對拆)
This partner form is learnt after the practitioner has finished learning the Yin Yang Ba Gua Pole. Its objective is to introduce the practitioner to using the Six and a Half Point pole in a combat situation, fight using a long weapon and to sticking pole (Chi Kuan) exercises.


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